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Abigail Arthur
Abigail Arthur Hazard
Mrs. Abigail Hazard
Abigail Arthur
Mrs. Ebenezer Hazard
American, 1759 - 1820
Biography: Abigail Arthur was born 5 August 1759, the daughter of Jane Chevalier Anderson (1723-78) and her second husband, Capt. Joseph Arthur (1715-66). Abigail was married on 11 September 1783, at Shrewsbury, New Jersey, to Ebenezer Hazard (1765-1817), the son of Catherine Clarkson and Samuel Hazard, a Philadelphia merchant. Ebenezer graduated from Princeton in 1762 and served as US Postmaster General from 1782-1789. The Hazards lived in Philadelphia from 1782-1785, in New York City from 1786-1789, and in Philadelphia from 1789 until his death in 1817. Abigail Arthur Hazard died 6 July 1820 in New Haven, where her daughter Elizabeth Breese Hazard Rockwood is said to have been operating a boarding house. Abigail Arthur and her daughter Elizabeth Breese Hazard were closely connected to the family of artist Samuel Finley Breese Morse (b. 1791); this relationship likely explains their residence in New Haven in the years 1820-1822. Abigail Arthur's half-sister Elizabeth Anderson (1743-1832) married the artist's grandfather; Abigail was thus an aunt by marriage to the artist's mother, Elizabeth Ann Breese (1766-1828). The latter's husband, Rev. Jedediah Morse (1761-1826), served as pastor of the First Church of Charlestown, Mass., from 1789-1820; they then retired to New Haven. Abigail's daughter, Elizabeth Breese Hazard married a Boston lawyer, Ebenezer Rockwood, and lived in Charlestown. According to Breese family history, Elizabeth and Jedediah Morse and Elizabeth and Ebenezer Rockwood were part of the same social circle in Charlestown (see Edward Elbridge Salisbury, Family Memorials . . . on the families of . . . Breese . . ., 1885). The Morse's removal to New Haven may have prompted the widowed Elizabeth Breese Hazard Rockwood to move her young family there as well. CHS museum records state that she "lived in New Haven, where she ran some kind of a boarding house after her first husband [Rockwood] died [1814]." I See A.G. Vermilye, Magazine of American History, Feb. 1885 for biography of Ebenezer Hazard, written by his grandson. The Index of American Paintings records the survival of a portrait of Ebenezer Hazard, painted by Samuel Finley Breese Morse.