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Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova
Publisher:Published by Willem Janszoon Blaeu , Dutch, 1571 - 1638
Engraving; prnter's ink and watercolor on paper
Primary Dimensions (image height x width): 15 1/4 x 19 3/4in. (38.7 x 50.2cm) Platemark (height x width): 15 3/8 x 19 7/8in. (39.1 x 50.5cm) Sheet (height x width): 20 x 23 1/8in. (50.8 x 58.7cm)
Credit Line: The Newman S. Hungerford Museum Fund
Gallery Copy: Willem Blaeu's 1635 map of New Holland and New England is justly famous. It shows the New World on the brink of settlement, a year before the founding of Hartford, Connecticut. The interior of the continent is largely unknown; the little detail that Blaeu includes is based primarily on a manuscript map by explorer Adrian Block. Dutch names naturally predominate--what would later be known as the Connecticut River is identifed as the "Versche" or "Fresh" River--but Blaeu does show the location of "Nieu Pleimouth" or "New Plymouth," settled by the Pilgrims just fifteen years earler. Although Blaeu's pictures of animals and Native Americans are based on other pictorial sources, they suggest how Europeans envisioned America in the early 1600s.
Description: Map of the east coast of the United States from the Chesapeake Bay to Quebec. The map is oriented east-west on the sheet, with the coastal land appearing at the top and right sides, and the Atlantic Ocean making up the bottom and left sides. New Amsterdam, Fort Orange (along the Noord Rivier, or North River, which is what the lower part of the Hudson River was called) and New Plymouth are the three settlements or forts that are labeled and marked with symbols. Rivers, lakes, and bays are named, and the names of Native American tribes and the locations of their settlements are provided, denoted by small clusters of wigwams. Forests are depicted as groups of trees, and elevation is conveyed through the depiction of mountains. Representations of deer, turkeys, herons, beavers, otters, foxes and rabbits are scattered around the land area. In the top right corner is a depiction of a wigwam village. The area comprising the Atlantic Ocean is embellished with canoes, ships and two compass roses. The decorative cartouche is flanked on either side by Native Americans, and the scale marker at the bottom left is flanked by cherubic mermaid figures.
Cartographic Note: The scale shows measurements in increments of 5, from 0-20, and is accompanied by the phrase "Milliaria Germanica communia"
Inscription: Recto, right side, printed in black ink: "NOVA / BELGICA / ET / ANGLIA / NOVA" On the right side of the verso, there is text in Latin titled, "Belgica Nova, et Nova Anglia." On the left side is what appears to be a continuation of another Latin passage, with the running header "Belgica Nova."
Object Number: 2012.172.1
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