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The Harbor of New London
1848
Publisher:Published by United States Coast Survey , American, founded 1807
Surveyor:Under the direction of Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler , American, 1770 - 1843
Surveyor:Under the direction of Alexander Dallas Bache , American, 1806 - 1867
Surveyor:Triangulation by Edmund Blunt , American, 1799 - 1866
Surveyor:Topography by Ferdinand H. Gerdes , German-American, 1809 - 1884
Surveyor:Topography by John B. Gluck , American, died 1852
Surveyor:Hydrography by George S. Blake , American, 1802 - 1871
Engraving; printer's ink on wove paper
Primary Dimensions (image height x width): 17 1/4 x 14in. (43.8 x 35.6cm) Platemark (height x width): 21 x 17 3/4in. (53.3 x 45.1cm) Sheet (height x width): 23 x 18 1/2in. (58.4 x 47cm)
Credit Line: Gift of the Charleston Library Society
Gallery Copy: The Thames River was navigable as far as Norwich and both Norwich and New London were major ports during the nineteenth century. A good part of their business depended upon the railroads. The Norwich and Worcester Railroad, completed in 1840, was one of Connecticut's earliest; the New London, Willimantic and Palmer Railroad would not be completed until 1849, a year after this map was published. Both railroads connected with steamship lines, resulting in a steady stream of steamboats entering and leaving the Thames River. This chart would surely have been used by many of those early steamboat captains.
Description: Chart of New London Harbor and its approaches. The towns of New London and Groton are to the north, with the Thames River as far as Winthrop's Point and Winthrop's Cove. The chart extends as far east as the Poquannock River and Bushy Point Beach, and as far west as Goshen Point. Rapid Rock and Seaflower of Potter's Reef are to the south. Other features include the lighthouse at the entrance to the river, Eastern Point, Avery's Point, South West Ledge, Black Ledge, and Pine Island. The nature of the terrain on shore is indicated and roads, fields, and some buildings are shown. Elevation is indicated by hachure marks. Soundings are expressed in feet up to eighteen feet. Detailed sailing directions are at lower right.
Cartographic Note: Scale 1/20,000
Inscription: On recto, upper right, printed in black ink, "THE HARBOR OF NEW LONDON / Founded upon a Trigonometrical Survey / under the direction of F.R. Hassler Superintedent of the / SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES / Triangulation by E. BLUNT Assistant / Topography by F.H. GERDES and J.B. GLUCK Assistants / Hydrography by the party / under the command of G.S. Blake Lieutenant U.S. Navy / Published in 1848 / A.D. Bache Superintendent / Scale 1/20,000" On recto, upper left, printed in black ink, "Harbor Map No. " On recto, center, printed in black ink, "Presented to______ / under authority of an Act of Congress of the United States of June 3rd 0f 1844, by direction of the Treasury Department, / A.D. Bache, Superintendent Coast Survey." On recto, bottom left, printed in black ink, "Final Reduction for Engraving by J.B. Gluck Draughtsman." On recto, bottom right, printed in black ink, "Topography Engraved by A. Rolle, Lettering by J. Knight" On verso, upper left, in pencil, "Maps / Flat / 155" On verso, upper left, in pencil, "Deacidified / 12/10/01"
Object Number: 1995.205.4
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