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Map Exhibiting the Farmington & Hampshire & Hampden Canals, Together with the Line of their proposed continuation through the Valley of the Connecticut River, to Canada.
1828
Surveyor:Surveyed by Davis Hurd , American, 1788 - 1868
Printmaker:Engraved by N. & S. S. Jocelyn , American, founded 1818
Publisher:Published by N. & S. S. Jocelyn , American, founded 1818
Engraving; black printer's ink and watercolor on wove paper
Primary Dimensions (image height x width): 48 1/4 x 15 5/8in. (122.6 x 39.7cm) Sheet (height x width): 49 1/8 x 15 7/8in. (124.8 x 40.3cm)
Credit Line: Connecticut Historical Society collection
Gallery Copy: In 1828 when this map was issued, the Farmington Canal was still a work in progress, open from New Haven only as far as Farmington, Connecticut. Contruction on the canal began in 1825, and the canal was completed all the way to Northampton, Massachusetts ten years later, in 1835. In the period just before the railroads, canals seemed to promise an efficient means for transporting good and people in areas where there were no navigable rivers. The Erie Canal, which opened to great acclaim in 1825, ran for over three hundred miles from Albany to Buffalo, New York. Davis Hurd, the chief engineer on the Farmington Canal, had previously worked on the Erie Canal, and would return to work on that canal after the Farmington Canal was completed. Never a financial success, the Farmington Canal was replaced by a railroad in 1848.
Description: Map of the western New England states, from the Vermont-Canada border to the north, the border of New Hampshire to the east, the Long Island Sound to the south, and New York State to the west. The Farmington Canal and Hampshire and Hampden Canal are shown running through Connecticut and Massachusetts, with their proposed continuation through New Hampshire and Vermont to the border with Canada. To the right of the map there is an elevation profile of the canals. Other waterways, such as the Connecticut River, are shown, as are mountains, conveyed through hachure marks, and lakes. The states are divided into counties and towns, both delineated with lines that are defined in the Explanation list. Population centers are shown as clusters of small closed squares, and turnpikes and local roads are also depicted.
Cartographic Note: Scale: About 1/2 inches equals 3 miles
Inscription: Recto, bottom, printed in black ink: "MAPS / Exhibiting the / FARMINGTON, & HAMPSHIRE & HAMPDEN / CANALS. / Together with the Line of their proposed continuation through the / Valley of the Connecticut River, to Canada." Bottom, printed in black ink: "Entered according to Act of Congress August 1st, 1828 by N. & S.S. Jocelyn of the State of Connt." Bottom right, printed in black ink: "Engraved and published by / N. & S.S. Jocelyn. / NEW HAVEN, 1828." Bottom right, printed in black ink: "PROFILE of the CANALS. / Surveys furnished by / Davis Hurd Esqr. Chief Engineer."
Object Number: 2012.312.144
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