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United States Showing Routes of Principal Explorers and Early Roads and Highways
Draftsman:Drawn by Ithamar P. Berthrong , American, 1853 - 1936
Maker:Based on data prepared by Frank Bond , American, 1856 - 1940
Printer:Printed by Lord Baltimore Press , American, founded 1898
Publisher:Published by United States General Land Office , American, 1812 - 1946
Lithography; black printer's ink and color on wove paper
Primary Dimensions (image height x width): 23 1/2 x 32in. (59.7 x 81.3cm) Sheet (height x width): 25 1/8 x 34in. (63.8 x 86.4cm)
Credit Line: Gift of the Honorable E. Stevens Henry
Gallery Copy: The General Land Office was created in 1812 to oversee the surveying, platting, and sale of public lands in the West. After 1900, the agency began to focus on issuing leases and collecting fees for mineral rights rather than on providing homesteads for settlers. It's unclear why this agency issued this map showing the routes of the early explorers. Frank Bond, who prepared the data on which it was based, had recently become chief clerk of the General Land Office. It may reflect his interests. Certainly the map provides much more detail for the western states than it does for New England. Bond was born in Iowa and began his career as a government surveyor in Wyoming.
Description: Map of the United States, from Canada to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Exploration routes are labeled with dates and the explorer's name. Most of the old roads on the map do not have dates (although some do), but are labeled with a brief description of the road's original use: "Old Government Road, " "Great Indian Warriors Path," and "Old Connecticut Path," to name a few. Elevation is conveyed through hachure marks. At the bottom right is a legend with explanations for the symbols and lines that mark Department of the Interior offices and confirmed and unconfirmed land claims. Below the map are insets of Alaska, the Philippines, Guam, Samoa, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Panama Canal. Only those of Alaska and Hawaii have exploration routes marked on them.
Cartographic Note: Scale: About 1/4" equals 25 miles for the main map. The insets all have their own scales.
Inscription: Recto, lower right, printed in black ink: "DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR / GENERAL LAND OFFICE / RICHARD A. BALLINGER / COMMISSIONER. / UNITD STATES / SHOWING ROUTES OF / PRINCIPAL EXPLORERS / AND EARLY ROADS AND HIGHWAYS / FROM DATA PREPARED BY / FRANK BOND, / CHIEF CLERK / BY I.P. BERTHRONG, / CHIEF OF DRAFTING DIVISION / 1908" Bottom right, printed in black ink: "The Lord Baltimore Press Balto, Md." Verso, bottom right, handwritten in pencil: "MAP Box #98" Bottom right, handwritten in red ink: "23299"
Object Number: 1912.4.1
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