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A Map of Europe
1814
Printmaker:Engraved by Abner Reed , American, 1771 - 1866
Printer:Printed by Abner Reed , American, 1771 - 1866
Publisher:Published by Abner Reed , American, 1771 - 1866
Engraving; black printer's ink and watercolor on wove paper
Primary Dimensions (image height x width): 10 3/4 x 12 7/8in. (27.3 x 32.7cm) Platemark (height x width): 12 1/8 x 13 5/8in. (30.8 x 34.6cm) Sheet (height x width): 12 1/2 x 14 1/2in. (31.8 x 36.8cm)
Credit Line: Connecticut Historical Society collection
Gallery Copy: The campaigns of the French Emperior Napoleon in 1812 and 1813, including the disasterous retreat from Moscow, are depicted in this 1814 map, engraved, printed, and published by Abner Reed, in rural East Windsor, Connecticut. These compelling contemporary events would have been of great interest to Americans. While the Napoleonic Wars had reached something of a hiatus in 1814, with Napoleon in exile on the island of Elba, the United States was still at war with Great Britain. The Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812, would not be signed until December 24 and news of the Treaty would take some time to reach the actual combattants. Just a year after this map was published, in March 1815, Napoleon would return from Elba in an attempt to regain his empire; his final defeat by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo would take place on June 18, 1815.
Description: Map of Europe, from Iceland to the north, the Caspian Sea to the east, Africa to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Through the use of lines to denote various routes, the map depicts Napoleon's route from Paris to Moscow and his retreat from Moscow to Frankfurt, Napoleon's route between Mentz and Breslau in 1813, and Lord Wellington's route in Spain. There are several unexplained dotted lines that appear both on land and in the water, and one solid line tracing St. Paul's journey from Caesarea to Rome. Lines of latitude and longitude appear on the map, and their degree numbers are inscribed in the borders.
Cartographic Note: No scale
Inscription: Recto, top left, printed in black ink: [Explanation of Napoleon's route to and from Moscow] Recto, bottom left, printed in black ink: "A MAP OF / EUROPE. / In which are delineated, / The rout of the French Army, to & from / Moscow, / in the Campaign of 1812-- / that of the Campaign of 1813; / and also, / that of Ld. Wellington's Army / in SPAIN." Bottom left, printed in black ink: "Published by A. Reed & Co. E. Windsor Con. Mar. 1814" Verso, top left, handwritten in pencil: "Map Box / #78" Bottom left, handwritten in pencil: "Map Box / 78"
Object Number: 2012.312.89
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