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City of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Showing Altitudes and Sewers.
Surveyor:Surveyed by Unknown
Lithography; black printer's ink on wove paper
Primary Dimensions (image height x width): 15 1/8 x 14 1/2in. (38.4 x 36.8cm) Sheet (height x width): 16 5/8 x 15 7/8in. (42.2 x 40.3cm)
Credit Line: Museum purchase
Gallery Copy: Sewers in the nineteenth century were a means of conveying raw sewage to a nearby river or ocean where it would be diluted and dissipated. The sewer lines in this 1878 map of Bridgeport are shown discharging directly into Cedar Creek and the Pequonnock River. One line even runs through Seaside Park to discharge into Long Island Sound. The altitudes indicate the angle of the slope and therefore the rate of flow within the sewer lines.Concerns about the spread of disease led to the introduction of the chemical treatment of sewage towards the end of the century, but many towns and cities continued to discharge raw sewage into waterways well into the 1900s.
Description: Map of Bridgeport, Connecticut, from North Avenue to the north, West Stratford to the east, the Long Island Sound to the south, and Mountain Grove Cemetery to the west. The city is divided into six numbered sections, possibly wards. Buildings are shown with shaded rectangles. Most of them are not labeled, with the exception of the railroad freight house, steamboat and railroad docks, and and horse car depot. The streets are named and many of them have numbers and "x"s inscribed near the intersections that represent the locations of sewers and elevation above mean high water. The New York, New Haven and Hartford railroad line runs through the city. The Pequonnock (Poquonock) River and Cedar Creek are also shown.
Cartographic Note: Scale: 2 inches equals 2400 feet
Inscription: Recto, top, printed in black ink: "[seal of the City of Bridgeport] / CITY OF / BRIDGEPORT / CONNECTICUT / Showing Altitudes and Sewers / 1878" Bottom right, printed in black ink: "The small figures indicate, to the nearest foot, / surface elevations above mean high water." Top left, handwritten in pencil: "Bridgeport / Conn 18" Top left, handwritten in pencil: "Map Box / 138" Top right, printed in black ink: "21" Bottom left, handwritten in pencil: "MAP BOX / 138"
Object Number: 1982.129.1
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