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Sign for Hammon's Inn
1790-1818
Paint on pine board and frame, iron
Primary Dimensions (height x width including hardware): 42 1/4 x 23 7/8in. (107.3 x 60.6cm) Other (height x width of sign only ): 42 x 23 3/8in. (106.7 x 59.4cm)
Credit Line: Collection of Morgan B. Brainard, Gift of Mrs. Morgan B. Brainard
Gallery Copy: The two layers of names on this sign (Hammon and Wilkinson) locate it in Foster, Rhode Island, just across the border from Killingly, Connecticut, on the stage line to Providence. The earlier owner, Almedus Wilkinson, also operated taverns in North Scituate and Providence, Rhode Island, as well as Brooklyn, Connecticut, and his brother Bronwell was licensed in both Plainfield and Killingly, Connecticut. The extent of the Wilkinson family’s inns indicates how irrelevant political borders were, especially for those involved in transportation-related businesses.
Description: Images: on side 1: Rhode Island state seal (anchor); on side 2: United States seal Text: on both sides: in band under image, top line, "R. HAMMON" over [A. Wilkinson]; bottom line, "INN."; on skirt, "1818"; on side 1, over [17??] Construction: Single board, grain oriented vertically, hand-sawn at top and bottom to create decorative pediment and skirt profiles; no structural frame. Applied, ogee-profiled molding strips, mitered at corners, are nailed to both faces, forming a rectangular image frame. Pediment has scrolls flanking central finial shape; skirt has double ogee lobes.
Technique Note: Text is well executed, with calligraphic flourishes flanking the word, "Inn"; lettering is placed within ruled guidelines. Both anchor and eagle have multiple layers of paint on what appears to be the same design, on a white ground. On side 1, the upper layer of paint on the anchor is brown and gold; the lower layer, mostly black and white. The upper corners of side 1 had striped spandrels, now buried under white paint. On side 2, the eagle's upper layer is red and black, with some sponge decoration. The moldings display fewer layers of paint than the board itself.
Inscription: On both sides: in band under image, top line, "R. HAMMON" over [A. Wilkinson]; bottom line, "INN."; on skirt, "1818"; on side 1, over [17??]
Object Number: 1961.63.27
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